Language classification uses terms that are also employed in biology, and for the same reasons: some languages are related and some are not. AP Notes, Outlines, Study Guides, Vocabulary, Practice Exams and more! religion__key_concepts_and_definitions_-_exam_prep.flv: File Size: 55232 kb: File Type: flv: Download File. Be sure to include which edition of the textbook you are using! On this map, only the Indo-European language family is broken down into subfamilies (greater detail is shown in Figure 8-3). 20 terms. Ironically, all languages may have a common origin. Consider, for example, the possible problems on an international airline trip if the cockpit crew spoke one language and the airport control tower personnel another. Language families are Thought to have a shared, but fairly distant, origin in a language subfamily, the commonality is more definite. The problem of language classification relates to the definition of language. 9th grade. Rubenstein, Chapter 5, Language. You can request the full Ultimate Guide to AP Human Geography … *AP and Advanced Placement Program are registered trademarks of the College Board, which was not involved in the production of, and does not endorse this web site. ... ~Divisions within a language family where the commonalties are more definite and the origin is more recent. If you need to contact the Course-Notes.Org web experience team, please use our contact form. In AP® Human Geography, unit 3 covers culture including diffusion, religion, language, race, and ethnicity. Add to this the fact that indigenous populations were virtually wiped out in The Americas and Australia (and their languages with them) and the European desire to spread the Christian faith, usually in the language of the European culture invading the area, and the patterns on the map become easier to understand. As you are reviewing for this unit, focus on the key concepts! Spatially, the Indo-European languages are the most widely dispersed. Subject. Subfamilies are divided into language groups, which consist of sets of individual languages. Mature and complex cultures—technologically advanced societies—attempt to maintain a standard language sustained by national institutions and official state examinations. In The modern world, where innovations diffuse rapidly, such standards are difficult to uphold one problem that arises is: who decides what the standard language will be? lingua franca: Fortunately, there is supposed to be an English-speaking per-son in each location. Figure 8-2 shows the distribution of 20 major language families. English has also become the principal language of cross-culture communications, economics, and science. When the European migration of emigrants and colonists spread over tile world in the last 500 years, one of the cultural components that spread with them was their language. 20. Tags: Question 39 . Similar interesting patterns can be observed in Figure 8-3 by looking at the spatial pattern of the Germanic and Romance language subfamilies. 9th Grade. The language family encompassing the languages of the People's Republic of China is. Human languages are not static but change constantly because a vital culture requires a flexible language and the potential vocabulary of any language is infinite. Chinese is spoken by more people than any other language (Table 8-1), with English ranking second. Level. Example: romance languages … International Studies. When a people’s language is threatened, the response is often passionate and protective. People have very strong feelings about their language and identify with it (people may be persuaded to change their religion, but not their language). ... A language family is a group of languages related by descent from a common ancestor, called the proto-language of that family [image] Term. The numbers in Table 8-1, however, should be viewed as approximations only. AP Human Geography Chapter 6 (Religion) Vocabulary. More people speak languages belonging to the Indo-European language family than those in any other family. Geography. The map thus suggests that these languages (which are older) and the cultures they represent were ‘pushed” southward by the advancing Indo-European speakers. Ex.Chinese characters, A language branch is a newer, or less commonly spoken language that has a older "parent language", A language family is a group of languages related by descent from a common ancestor, called the proto-language of that family, a common language used by speakers of different languages, a person who speaks two languages fluently, An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in a particular country, state, or other jurisdiction, a method of representing the sounds of a language by written or printed symbols (Ex. For general help, questions, and suggestions, try our dedicated support forums. ... Ch. Language is one of the cornerstones of national identity, cultural unity, and community cohesion. Drop us a note and let us know which textbooks you need. 0% average accuracy. the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people, the most widely spoken constructed international auxiliary language, a graphic character that indicates the meaning of a thing without indicating the sounds used to say it, like pictures. Classification and Distribution of Languages. Instead, it must be recognized that what we consider a language is a function of society’s view of what constitutes a cultural community—a matter mat in mm is influenced by historical development in the political arena. At issue is what is a language(according to The dictionary: ”human communication by voice) and what is a dialect (“language of a particular area or class”)? SURVEY . AP Human Geography Chapter 5: Languages DRAFT. There are good reasons that this pattern. In a world where rapid communication and travel is becoming more the norm than the exception, this has some benefits, since there is no such thing as a “global language,” at least not officially. The issue is a complex one and it is clear that the distinction is not based on an objective measure of mutual intelligibility. Language Family Map. Hebrew is spoken in Israel, a Jewish state, and Arabic is spoken throughout the region … English is the primary language of 350 million people in 6 major countries and numerous smaller countries with millions of inhabitants; it is also used as a second language of hundreds of millions in India , Africa , and elsewhere. The following guide will be updated periodically with hyperlinks to excellent resources. Sentence: Indo-European languages are the base of almost all languages. Not surprisingly, the answer has to do with influence and power—circumstances that often produce problems in a world where cultural identity and national self-interest are increasingly significant. 27 terms. It is the most important cultural glue—an aspect that binds a culture together—because without language, there would he no culture. AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY. ... the variety of dialects in a language used in obscure examples of spoken poetry. Consider the following points carefully as you read this chapter. 7 days ago. JuliusTembe. If you're having any problems, or would like to give some feedback, we'd love to hear from you. 300 seconds . Description. 0 times. This language family is found in northern Africa and southwestern Asia (Middle East), where Islam is the dominant religion. Created. Mature and complex cultures—technologically advanced societies—attempt to maintain a standard language sustained by national institutions and official state examinations. Start studying AP Human Geography Language. Examples and Enrichment. The present distribution of languages, as revealed on maps, is useful in understanding cultural development and change. crovillos1. 5 AP Human Geography (Language) 47 terms. English is also spreading with the World Wide Web, at least to countries where there is access. Figure 8-4, for example, indicates the four Dravidian languages are all spoken in a compact region in the south of the Indian Peninsula . A proposed language family that is held by its proponents to include the Turkic, Mongolic, Tungusic, and possibly the Japonic language families and the Korean language isolate These languages are spoken in a wide arc stretching from northeast Asia through Central Asia to Anatolia and eastern Europe.The group is named after the Altai Mountains, a mountain range in Central Asia. AP Human Geography- Language. 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language family ap human geography example

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